1.基本demand-supply理论考察，结合均衡点的形成，D,S 变动，price control 考察。
Explain the impact of a price floor on market outcomes. Explain how the price mechanism reallocates resources when there is an increase in demand for a good or service.
Explain two factors that would lead to an increase in the demand for a product.
Explain how the price elasticity of demand for a good might be affected by the number and closeness of substitutes.
Explain two reasons why the demand for primary commodities might be price inelastic.
Explain how the value of the cross price elasticity of demand (XED) for a particular good is determined by its relationship to other goods.
3.Economies of scale
Explain how two types of economies of scale can lead to a fall in long-run average costs.
Explain two factors that might give rise to economies of scale for a firm.
Using a production possibilities curve (PPC) diagram, explain why choices have to be made in all economies.
1. circular flow model 的运用leakage and injections
Explain the impact that a cut in taxation and an increase in government spending might have on the circular flow of income. Explain how an increase in leakages can affect the size of the circular flow of income.
2. 基本 AD-AS 模型的变动分析
Explain the possible impact of an increase in wealth and consumer confidence on aggregate demand.
3. Keynesian multiplier
Using the concept of the multiplier, explain how an increase in investment might affect aggregate demand.
Explain the effect an increase in investment might have on real gross domestic product (GDP) using the Keynesian multiplier
Explain why measuring unemployment in a country is difficult. Explain why structural unemployment might occur in an economy.
Explain the cause of cyclical (demand-deficient) unemployment.